Risk and Safety Statements

European Union Commission Directive 2001/59/EC defines hazard codes and phrases for classification, packaging and labelling of dangerous substances. For complete hazard and safety information always refer to the MSDS.

For your convenience Watson’s state Risk and Safety numbers below.  Please refer to the following table for the respective Risk and Safety Statements for these numbers and combinations of numbers.

 

Risk Phrases

Part 1 of risk phrases: Indication of Particular Risks

R1: Explosive when dry R35: Causes severe burns
R2: Risk of explosion by shock, friction, fire or other sources of ignition R36: Irritating to the eyes
R3: Extreme risk of explosion by shock, friction, fire or other sources of ignition R37: Irritating to the respiratory system
R4: Forms very sensitive explosive metallic compounds R38: Irritating to the skin
R5: Heating may cause an explosion R39: Danger of very serious irreversible effects
R6: Explosive with or without contact with air R40: Limited evidence of a carcinogenic effect
R7: May cause fire R41: Risk of serious damage to eyes
R8: Contact with combustible material may cause fire R42: May cause sensitization by inhalation
R9: Explosive when mixed with combustible material R43: May cause sensitization by skin contact
R10: Flammable R44: Risk of explosion if heated under confinement
R11: Highly Flammable R45: May cause cancer
R12: Extremely Flammable R46: May cause heritable genetic damage
R14: Reacts violently with water R48: Danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure
R15: Contact with water liberates extremely flammable gases R49: May cause cancer by inhalation
R16: Explosive when mixed with oxidizing substances R50: Very Toxic to aquatic organisms
R17: Spontaneously flammable in air R51: Toxic to aquatic organisms
R18: In use may form flammable/explosive vapor-air mixture R52: Harmful to aquatic organisms
R19: May form explosive peroxides R53: May cause long-term adverse effects in the aquatic environment
R20: Harmful by inhalation R54: Toxic to flora
R21: Harmful in contact with skin R55: Toxic to fauna
R22: Harmful if swallowed R56: Toxic to soil organisms
R23: Toxic by inhalation R57: Toxic to bees
R24: Toxic in contact with skin R58: May cause long-term adverse effects in the environment
R25: Toxic if swallowed R59: Dangerous for the ozone layer
R26: Very Toxic by inhalation R60: May impair fertility
R27: Very Toxic in contact with skin R61: May cause harm to the unborn child
R28: Very Toxic if swallowed R62: Possible risk of impaired fertility
R29: Contact with water liberates toxic gas R63: Possible risk of harm to the unborn child
R30: Can become highly flammable in use R64: May cause harm to breast-fed babies
R31: Contact with acids liberates toxic gas R65: Harmful: May cause lung damage if swallowed
R32: Contact with acids liberates very toxic gas R66: Repeated exposure may cause skin dryness or cracking
R33: Danger of cumulative effects R67: Vapors may cause drowsiness and dizziness
R34: Causes burns R68: Possible risk of irreversible effects

Part 2 of risk phrases: Combination of Particular Risks

R14/15: Reacts violently with water, liberating extremely flammable gases R48/20: Harmful: danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure through inhalation
R15/29: Contact with water liberates toxic, extremely flammable gas R48/20/21: Harmful: danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure through inhalation and in contact with skin
R20/21: Harmful by inhalation and in contact with skin R48/20/21/22: Harmful: danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure through inhalation, and in contact with skin and if swallowed
R20/21/22: Harmful by inhalation, in contact with skin and if swallowed R48/20/22: Harmful: danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure through inhalation and if swallowed
R20/22: Harmful by inhalation and if swallowed R48/21: Harmful: danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure in contact with skin
R21/22: Harmful in contact with skin and if swallowed R48/21/22: Harmful: danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure in contact with skin and if swallowed
R23/24: Toxic by inhalation and in contact with skin R48/22: Harmful: danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure if swallowed
R23/24/25: Toxic by inhalation, in contact with skin and if swallowed R48/23: Toxic: danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure through inhalation
R23/25: Toxic by inhalation and if swallowed R48/23/24: Toxic: danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure through inhalation and in contact with skin
R24/25: Toxic in contact with skin and if swallowed R48/23/24/25: Toxic: danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure through inhalation, in contact with skin and if swallowed
R26/27: Very Toxic by inhalation and in contact with skin R48/23/25: Toxic: danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure through inhalation and if swallowed
R26/27/28: Very Toxic by inhalation, in contact with skin and if swallowed R48/24: Toxic: danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure in contact with skin
R26/28: Very Toxic by inhalation and if swallowed R48/24/25: Toxic: danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure in contact with skin and if swallowed
R27/28: Very Toxic in contact with skin and if swallowed R48/25: Toxic: danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure if swallowed
R36/37: Irritating to eyes and respiratory system R50/53: Very Toxic to aquatic organisms, may cause long-term adverse effects in the aquatic environment
R36/37/38: Irritating to eyes, respiratory system and skin R51/53: Toxic to aquatic organisms, may cause long-term adverse effects in the aquatic environment
R36/38: Irritating to eyes and skin R52/53: Harmful to aquatic organisms, may cause long-term adverse effects in the aquatic environment
R37/38: Irritating to respiratory system and skin R68/20: Harmful: possible risk of irreversible effects through inhalation
R39/23: Toxic: danger of very serious irreversible effects through inhalation R68/20/21: Harmful: possible risk of irreversible effects through inhalation and in contact with skin
R39/23/24: Toxic: danger of very serious irreversible effects through inhalation in contact with skin R68/20/21/22: Harmful: possible risk of irreversible effects through inhalation, in contact with skin and if swallowed
R39/23/24/25: Toxic: danger of very serious irreversible effects through inhalation, in contact with skin and if swallowed R68/20/22: Harmful: possible risk of irreversible effects through inhalation and if swallowed
R39/23/25: Toxic: danger of very serious irreversible effects through inhalation and if swallowed R68/22: Harmful: possible risk of irreversible effects if swallowed
R39/24: Toxic: danger of very serious irreversible effects in contact with skin R68/21: Harmful: possible risk of irreversible effects in contact with skin
R39/24/25: Toxic: danger of very serious irreversible effects in contact with skin and if swallowed R68/21/22: Harmful: possible risk of irreversible effects in contact with skin and if swallowed
R39/25: Toxic: danger of very serious irreversible effects if swallowed R68/22: Harmful: possible risk of irreversible effects if swallowed
R39/26: Very Toxic: danger of very serious irreversible effects through inhalation
R39/26/27: Very Toxic: danger of very serious irreversible effects through inhalation and in contact with skin
R39/26/27/28: Very Toxic: danger of very serious irreversible effects through inhalation, in contact with skin and if swallowed
R39/26/28: Very Toxic: danger of very serious irreversible effects through inhalation and if swallowed
R39/27: Very Toxic: danger of very serious irreversible effects in contact with skin
R39/27/28: Very Toxic: danger of very serious irreversible effects in contact with skin and if swallowed
R39/28: Very Toxic: danger of very serious irreversible effects if swallowed
R42/43: May cause sensitization by inhalation and skin contact

 

Safety Phrases

Part 1 of safety phrases: Indication of Safety Precautions

S1: Keep locked up S37: Wear suitable gloves
S2: Keep out of the reach of children S38: In case of insufficient ventilation, wear suitable respiratory equipment
S3: Keep in a cool place S39: Wear eye/face protection
S4: Keep away from living quarters S40: To clean the floor and all objects contaminated by this material use … (to be specified by the manufacturer)
S5: Keep contents under … (appropriate liquid to be specified by the manufacturer) S41: In case of fire and/or explosion do not breathe fumes
S6: Keep under … (inert gas to be specified by the manufacturer) S42: During fumigation/spraying wear suitable respiratory equipment (appropriate wording to be specified)
S7: Keep container tightly closed S43: In case of fire, use … (indicate in the space the precise type of fire-fighting equipment. If water increases the risk add – Never use water)
S8: Keep container dry S45: In case of accident or if you feel unwell, seek medical advice immediately (show label where possible)
S9: Keep container in a well-ventilated place S46: If swallowed, seek medical advice immediately and show this container or label
S12: Do not keep the container sealed S47: Keep at temperature not exceeding … E C (to be specified by the manufacturer)
S13: Keep away from food, drink and animal feeding stuffs S48: Keep wetted with … (appropriate material to be specified by the manufacturer)
S14: Keep away from … (incompatible materials to be indicated by the manufacturer) S49: Keep only in the original container
S15: Keep away from heat S50: Do not mix with … (to be specified by the manufacturer)
S16: Keep away from sources of ignition – No smoking S51: Use only in well-ventilated areas
S17: Keep away from combustible material S52: Not recommended for interior use on large surface areas
S18: Handle and open container with care S53: Avoid exposure – obtain special instruction before use
S20: When using, do not eat or drink S56: Dispose of this material and its container to hazardous or special waste collection point
S21: When using, do not smoke S57: Use appropriate container to avoid environmental contamination
S22: Do not breathe dust S59: Refer to manufacturer/supplier for information on recovery/recycling
S23: Do not breathe gas/fumes/vapor/spray (appropriate wording to be specified by the manufacturer) S60: This material and/or its container must be disposed of as hazardous waste
S24: Avoid contact with skin S61: Avoid release to the environment. Refer to special instructions safety data sheet
S25: Avoid contact with eyes S62: If swallowed, do not induce vomiting: seek medical advice immediately and show this container or label
S26: In case of contact with eyes, rinse immediately with plenty of water and seek medical advice S63: In case of accident by inhalation, remove casualty to fresh air and keep at rest
S27: Take off immediately all contaminated clothing S64: If swallowed, rinse mouth with water (only if the person is conscious)
S28: After contact with skin, wash immediately with plenty of … (to be specified by the manufacturer)
S29: Do not empty into drains
S30: Never add water to this product
S33: Take precautionary measures against static discharges
S35: This material and its container must be disposed of in a safe way

Part 2 of safety phrases: Combination of Safety Precautions

S1/2: Keep locked up and out of the reach of children S24/25: Avoid contact with skin and eyes
S3/7: Keep container tightly closed in a cool place S27/28: After contact with skin, take off immediately all contaminated clothing and wash imediately with plenty of…. (to be specified by the manufacturer)
S3/9/14: Keep in a cool well-ventilated place away from … (incompatible materials to be indicated by manufacturer) S29/35: Do not empty into drains, dispose of this container and it’s material in a safe way
S3/9/14/49: Keep only in the original container in a cool well-ventilated place away from … (incompatible materials to be indicated by manufacturer) S29/56: Do not empty into drains, dispose of this material and its container to hazardous or special waste-collection point
S3/9/49: Keep only in the original container in a cool well-ventilated place S36/37: Wear suitable protective clothing and gloves
S3/14: Keep in a cool place away from … (incompatible materials to be indicated by the manufacturer) S36/37/39: Wear suitable protective clothing, gloves and eye/face protection
S7/8: Keep container tightly closed and dry S36/39: Wear suitable protective clothing and eye/face protection
S7/9: Keep container tightly closed and in a well-ventilated place S37/39: Wear suitable gloves and eye/face protection
S7/47: Keep container tightly closed and at a temperature not exceeding … °C (to be specified by manufacturer) S47/49: Keep only in the original container at temperature not exceeding … °C (to be specified by manufacturer)
S20/21: When using, do not eat, drink or smoke

 

Pictograms and Hazard Codes

 biohazard B Biohazard  highly-flammable F High Flammable / F+ Extremely Flammable  oxidizing O Oxidizing
 corrosive C Corrosive  harmful-irritant Xn Harmful / Xi Irritant  radioactive R Radioactive
 explosive E Explosive  dangerous-environment Dangerous for environment  toxic T Toxic / T+ Very Toxic